If enough weight is gained by way of increased body fat deposits, one may become or fat, generally defined as having more body fat than is optimally healthy.
Weight gain has a latency period. The effect that eating has on weight gain can vary greatly depending on the following factors: energy density of foods, exercise regimen, amount of water intake, amount of salt contained in the food, time of day eaten, age of individual, individual's country of origin, individual's overall stress level, and amount of water retention in ankles/feet. Typical latency periods vary from three days to two weeks after ingestion.
Gaining weight can cause the following effects, dependent on the variable listed above, but are generally limited to:
- Increase in body fat percentage
- Increase in muscle mass
- Increase in body hydration levels